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2017年上半年甘肃省高等教育自考4月15日开考

2019-08-22 12:28 来源:药都在线

  2017年上半年甘肃省高等教育自考4月15日开考

  TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]China,asrevealedbythelatestinvestigationoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesorCASS,teofthesecondquarterofthisyearwillremainthesameasthefirstquarterof2018,accordingtotheinvestigationpublishedontheChinaEconomist,,,,,ecommoditypricelevelswillincreasecomparedwiththesris135,9percentagepointslowerthanlastquarter,,about70percentoftheeconomistsbelievethepressureofovercapacitywillberelievedbutitwillstillexistforalongtimeinthenextdecade,sovercapacityisthelackofinnovativeabilitiesamongmanufacturers,ndadvancedtechnologymeansproductioncompaniescannotmanufactureproductsthatmeetdiversifiedneeds,whichleadthegovernmentcityreductionoughttoincludesettingstandardsforcapacitywithdrawal,guidingcompaniesinupgradesandperfectingthelegalsystemforenterprisebankruptcy.(L-R)SomalianDeputyMinisterofHumanitarianAffairsandDisasterManagementElmiOmarAinsane,UNICEFSomaliaRepresentativeStevenLauwerier,andChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianposeforphotosduringadonationceremonyinMogadishu,Somalia,onNov21,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]MOGADISHU-ChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianonTuesdayvisitedChina-fundedhealthfacilityinMogadishusWadjirdistrictwhereabout15,sfund(UNCIEF)benefitedfrom$,QinreiteratedhisgovernmentssupporttoSomalipeople,addingthatBeijinghasalsogivendonationsworth$lyutilizingthemoney."WearesupportingSomalidevelopmentprojects,humanitarianassistance,peaceandalsogivingoutscholarships,"ego,500childrenwhowereinitiallysufferingfrommalnutritionsinceinception."WeareveryhappyandproudofourrelationshipwiththeChinesegovernmentthatwillgoalongwayinhelpingsavelivesofchildreninthecountry,"hesaida,aMedicalCoordinatoratthehealthfacility,thenewlyrefurbishedcentertreated35,356childrenlastyear."Wescreenedatotalof34,784children,1,422childrenweretreatedwithseveremalnutritionand74werehospitalizedlastyear,"Ahmedsaid.

PARIS—AnthonyBourdain,thecelebritychefandcitizenoftheworldwhoinspiredmillionstosharehisdelightinfoodandthebondsitcreated,wasfounddeadinhishotelr,sayingthatBourdainwasfoundunresponsiveFsassist,hemixedacoarsenessandwhimsicalsenseofadventurousness,truetotherockns"PartsUnknown"seemedlikeanoddchoiceforCNNwhenitstartedin2013—parttravelogue,parthistorylesson,,,"KitchenConfidential""Weareconstantlyaskingourselves,firstandforemost,whatisthemost(messed)upthingwecandonextweek"sbreakthroughasanauthorcamewiththe2000publicationofhis"KitchenConfidential:AdventuresintheCulinaryUnderbelly."Thebookcreatedasensationbycombiningfrankdetailsofhislife,""AttheG-7summitinCanada,PresidentDonaldTrump,whomBourdainhadsharplycriticized,offeredhis"heartfeltcondolences"toBourdainsfamily,whichincludeshis11-year-olddaughter,"reallybrokethemould...heleaveschefsandfansaroundtheworldwithamassivefoodieholethatsimplycantbereplaced."OthersnotedBourdainsstrongdefenseofthe#,,BourdainpublishedanessayinMediuminwhichhewrotethat"onemustpickaside.""Istandunhesitatinglyandunwaveringlywiththewomen,",actressRoseMcGowan,tweetedavideoofherself,sobbing."AnthonyIamsomadatyou,"shesaid."Youweresoloved,"Bourdainsdeathcamethreedaysafterfashionshusbandandbusinesspartnersaidthe55-year-,Bourdainhadsaidthathisdaughtersbirthhadchangedhisoutlookonlife."IfeelobligedtoatleastdothebestIcanandnotdoanythingreallystupidlyself-destructiveifIcanavoidit,"s"PartsUnknown"seemedlikeanoddchoiceforCNNwhenitstartedin2013—parttravelogue,parthistorylesson,,,a"PartsUnknown"triptoJapanintheseriesfirstseasonincludedanoddshowwithrobotsandscantilycladwomen,avisitwithadeathmetalbandandamealsharedwithawomaninvolvedinthecity,hesatdownforsomebunchainHanoi,Vietnam,"Ifyouthinkaboutwhotheaudienceisandwhattheirexpectationsmightbe,Ithinkthatstheroadtobadnessandmediocrity,"hetoldtheAP."sinterestingtoyou,hopefullyittmaketelevisionlikethat,itspandering."BourdainwasborninNewYorkCityandwasraisedinLeonia,ninFrance,,s,wherehegraduatedin1978,"KitchenConfidential,"Bourdainwroteofhisshockatthesuccessofhisbook,"ripthelidofftherestaurantbusiness."Hesaidhelikedtherestaurantbusinessthewayitwas."WhatIsetouttodowaswriteabookthatmyfellowcookswouldfindentertainingandtrue,"hesaid."Iwantedittosoundlikemetalkingatsay...tenoclockonaSaturdaynight,afterabusydinnerrush,meandafewcookshangingaroundinthekitchen,knockingbackafewbeersandtalking."Bourdainsaidhereallyhadnoideathatanyoneoutsidetheworldofchefswouldevenpayattentiontohiscomments."Thenewcsbeennothingbutgoodforbusiness—andformepersonally—manyofusinthelifecanthelpsnickeringaboutit,"hewrote."Ofalltheprofessions,afterall,fewpeoplearelesssuitedtobesuddenlythrownintothepubliceyethanchefs."Bourdainsintroductionto"KitchenConfidential:InsidersEdition"wasscrawledinhisownhandinblockletters—,hardworkandpoorpay,andsa"PartsUnknown,"rentseasmealwithPresidentBarackObamawasin2016,not2017andthathediedinHaut-Rhin,,,HillelItalie,DavidBauderinNewYork,ShawnMarshinTrenton,NewJersey,AglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopenonJune16aftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/VCG]WorldslongestglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopentothepublicaftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,onJune16,"skywalk".Itis360metershigh,andextends30metersoutofthecliffthatisnearlyninemeterslongerthantheglassbridgeintheColoradoGrandCanyonintheUnitedStates,whichisclaimedtobethe"EighthWonderoftheWorld".

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.[Photo/VCG]ChinaneedstobepreparedwithflexibleplanstorespondtotheinconsistenttradeandeconomicpoliciesoftheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrump,asbothsidesstillfaceahostofunresolvedissuesrelatedtobilateraltrade,evelofficialtalksthatconcludedinBeijingonSunday,theUSgovernmentmaystillreleasealistonJune15imposinga25percenttariffon$50billionworthofChinesegoodscontaining"industrialsignificanttechnology",sMinistryofCommercestressedonThursdaythatthenationiswillingtoexpandimportsfromtheUSiftheycanmeet"halfway",sstanceisconsist,includingtariffhikes,theeconomicandtradeachievementsnegotiatedbythet,aneconomistatTsinghuaUniversityandformercentralbankmonetarypolicycommitteemember,saidChinaisabletoadjustandupgradeitseconomicstructurefromalong-termperspective."Againstthatbackdrop,,",Lisaid,suchasindustrixtfewmonths,saidLi."Thenegotiationswillbealongandbumpyroad,"hesaid."Weshouldmaintainabalancedframeofmind,ratherthanbeirritatedbytheWhiteHousesstatementsortheUSpresidentsmessagesonTwitter.""IfChinacannotachievesubstantialresultsthroughdialogue,itmuststudytheUSmovesandpreparemeasurestocountertheUSaction,"saidLongGuoqiang,,formerchiefeconomistandseniorvice-presidentoftheWorldBankfrom2008to2012,saidtheUSshouldbeawarethatexportingmoreenergyandagriculturalproductstoChinawillnotfundamentallychangethesituationofthetradedeficitwithChina,andwhatChina,Linsaid,thetwosidesshouldexpandtradenegotiationtopicsfromenergyandagric,Hungarysministerofforeignaffairsandtrade,calledonbothsidestorationallyresolvetradedisputes."Ofcourseweunderstandtherecentdevelopmentoftheglobaltradingsystem,weseethatrestrictivemeasuresandcustomsbarriershavebeensetup,"SzijjartosaidonthesidelinesoftheThirdMinisterialConferenceofChinaandCentralandEasternEuropeanCountriesonPromotingTradeandEconomicCooperationheldinNingboonThursday."ChinaisHungarynationaltradeorder,insteadofadestructivetradewar,"toarecordhigh,frobusteconomicgrowthinthesecondquarter.

  ThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"TocelebrateandhighlightChinasoutstanding,innovativeanddedicatednon-nativeteachersofEnglish,theBritishCouncilannouncedthefirstwinneroftheEnglishisGREATteacherAwardsroomactivities,thejudgingpanel,comprisedofexpertsfromBritishCouncilsEnglishinEducationSystems(EES)team,selectedHuConghuifromSouthChinasGuangdongprovinceasthewinnerofthe1stEnglishisGREATTeacherAward."HudidthywinnerofMaysEnglishisGREATTeacherAward,"saidtheexperts."TeachingEnglishasanon-nativespeakerisaninvaluableskillandonewhichrequirestruededicationandgenuineenthusiasmforteachingaswellasadeepunderstandingoftheEnglishLanguage,"KiranPatel,directorofStrategicCommunicationsandCorporateRelationsoftheBritishCouncilChina,said."spassionforteachingshonebrightlythroughouthersubmissionandinahighlycompetitivefieldofoutstandingteachers,thisstoodheroutasaveryworthyandinspiringwinner."Asthefirstmonthlywinner,HuwilljointhegrandfinaleinDecemberalongwithotherwinnersalongtheyearforthefinalprize–EnglishisGREATcampaign,aimedatempoweringChinesepeoplewiththeconfidenceandabilitytomasterEnglishcommunicationskills,waslaunchedduringtheUKPrimeMinisterTheresaMaysvisittoChinaonJanuary31,nambassadors–-,click.

LinDihuan,anamateurpainterandphotographer,sayshedoesnotregretdoingjobsnotconnectedwithhiscollegemajor.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]ForthemultitalentedLinDihuan,,LinDihuaniswildlypopularasapainter,thankstohisworkssuchasaseriesofink-and-brushpaintingsdedicatedtotheChinese24SolarTermsaswellastwoseriesofstagesettingtyinGuangzhou,,aGuangdongnative,becameacelebrityafterhis24SolarTermsworkw-atreasuretroveofknowledgedevelopedthroughyearsofobservingthesunsannualmovements-addedtoUNESCOsListofIntangibleCulturalHeritageinNovember2016.

  TocelebrateandhighlightChinasoutstanding,innovativeanddedicatednon-nativeteachersofEnglish,theBritishCouncilannouncedthefirstwinneroftheEnglishisGREATteacherAwardsroomactivities,thejudgingpanel,comprisedofexpertsfromBritishCouncilsEnglishinEducationSystems(EES)team,selectedHuConghuifromSouthChinasGuangdongprovinceasthewinnerofthe1stEnglishisGREATTeacherAward."HudidthywinnerofMaysEnglishisGREATTeacherAward,"saidtheexperts."TeachingEnglishasanon-nativespeakerisaninvaluableskillandonewhichrequirestruededicationandgenuineenthusiasmforteachingaswellasadeepunderstandingoftheEnglishLanguage,"KiranPatel,directorofStrategicCommunicationsandCorporateRelationsoftheBritishCouncilChina,said."spassionforteachingshonebrightlythroughouthersubmissionandinahighlycompetitivefieldofoutstandingteachers,thisstoodheroutasaveryworthyandinspiringwinner."Asthefirstmonthlywinner,HuwilljointhegrandfinaleinDecemberalongwithotherwinnersalongtheyearforthefinalprize–EnglishisGREATcampaign,aimedatempoweringChinesepeoplewiththeconfidenceandabilitytomasterEnglishcommunicationskills,waslaunchedduringtheUKPrimeMinisterTheresaMaysvisittoChinaonJanuary31,nambassadors–-,click.

  DennisChang,divisionpresident,MastercardChina.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountryestoftheworldwithitsleadingfinancialproductsandservicesPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,y,analmosthalf-centuryoldgovernmentagenda,whichthroughenormouswholehearteddetermination,,andhasdemonstratedimpressiveresilience,continuouslyplayingakeyroleinChinaformandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoChinahasmaderemarkableaccomplishmentssincetheintroductionofthereformandopening-uppolicy,andnowundertheleadershipofPresidentXiJinping,aneweraforChinahasstarted,,Chinawillbuildamoderatelyprosperoussocietybyel,Chinaaimstobeastrongglobalpowerthatseeksto,Chinasascendinggloballeadershipcanbeseenasoneofthebiggestachievements,,sfurtheropening-upwillcreatemoreconnectionswiththerestoftheworld,andinturn,provideuswithmoreopportunitiestoservecustomers,,MastercardskeybusinessinvolvessupportingChinasexchangewiththeworld,,andareincreasnmarkets,ssreformandopening-uppolitiesforMastercarasterca,,cutting-edgetechnologiesandworld-leadingproductsandservices,andthroughexportingthefruitsofChinasamazingdevelopmenttotherestoftheworld,Mastercardisalwaystherehelp,,covering210countriesandregions,,Chinesecompanies,especiallypaymentcompanies,casroleintheworldtodayInmyopinion,lorganizationsandforums,andforChinatoengagewiththeworldinamoresustainedway,itismucheasiertotakealeadingrolein,Chinacanfullyleveragetnsexpansionsglobally,butitisequallyimportantthatitcanbetterrecognizethevalueofexistingmultinationalcompaniesthasexperienceandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsAccordingtotheReportontheWorkoftheGovernmentthisyear,PremierLiKeqiangreportedtotheNationalPeoplesCongressthatinthepastfiveyears,,andalsoaflagshipexamplefortherestoftheworld,astheUNsSustainable,Chinaisinventriesinvolved,ChinaisworkingwiththeWorldTradeOrganizationandtheInternationalMonetaryFund,sopening-upisnowacornerstoneoftheworldseconomicgrowth,tivechangesbroughtbytherevolutionarydigitalizationpr,Chinesepeoplelivedina"dot-to-dot"fashion,cashinpocket,,,,,,,ment,werecentlyunveiledtheconceptofholisticsolutionstoenableindustryplayer,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinasafact,ratherthanaspiration,shardtocomprehendjusthowquicklyandextremelythemethodsofcommunicationusedbyChinesep,,peopleareusingmobilephonestobuysweetpotatoesonthestreet,:DennisChangAge:47Nationality:ChinaCareer:March2015onward:Divisionpresident,MastercardChinaJanuary2013-present:HeadofMastercardChinaMarch2012-January2013:Headofmarketdevelopment,MastercardChinaApril2008-February2012:Headofcards,ANZ2007-08:Vice-presidentofpersonalfinancialservicemarketing,HSBCEducation:BachelorofArtsinlanguageandliterature,ShanghaiInternationalStudiesUniversityFamily:MarriedwithtwochildrenThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"

  AmanstandsatEmersonsnewMeasurementTechnologyCenterinBeijing,whichopenedlastNovembertoserveitsautomationsolutionsbusinessinChinaandacrossAsia.[Photo/ChinaNewsService]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountrystothegrowthofChinasenergyindustryPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,formandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoThe40yearsofreformandopening-uphavemadeChinamoremodern,moreinternationalizedandmoredeveloped,ssecond-largesteconomyanditsimageasoneoftheworldaandfortheChinesepeople,qualitydevelopment,fromatraditionallow-costlabormanufacturingcountrytoamoreinnovation-based,talent-oriented,sthebiggestchallengeChinafacestodayandhowcanthecountryovercomeitNowthatChinahasenteredaphaseofslowergrowth,oneofthemainchallengeswillbetomaintainitssuccessfultransitiontoaconsumer-oriented,,includingthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20),,thegovernmentsdevelopmentstrategytoincreaseregionaltradeandencouragebroaderglobaleconomiccooperation,iscreatingenormousbusinessopportunitiesthroughoutAsia,nologyinnovation,infrastructure,education,finance,senvironmentalanddevelopmentchallenges,Emersonisworkingwithindustryandgovernmentagenciestopromotetheefficientuseofenergy,includingimprovedenergyefficiencystandards,developingtechnologiesandsolutionstoboostcleanerenergyproduction,late1970s,Emersonwasoneofsixglobalcompaniesinvited,Emersonwastheonlycompanythatwaswillingtoenteralicensingdealtosupplytec,wearecommittedt,000employfter40yearsofreformandopening-up,Chineseenterpriseshaveundergonetransformationsintermsofsize,structure,ness,,wecompletedastrategicportfoliorealignmentprogram,whichenablesustofocusonourtwocorebusinesses-automationsolutions,andcommercialandresidentialsolutions-tobuildonourstrengthsandleadership,tinuousresearchanddevelopmentandinnovation,andasroleintheworldtodayOverthepast40years,Chinahastransformedfromanundevelopednationtoar,ChinasnatssustainedeconomicgrowthhastranslatedintoincreasingvisibilityontheworldstageandPrsdevelopmentoverthisperiodhasnotonlymadeitapowerfulengineofworldeconomicgrowth,butalsocontributedtotherecover,Chinaactivelypromotesthelinkingofdevelopmentstrategiesofallnationsacrosstheregionandbeyond,anditishelpingtoboostlocalemploymentande,itisalsoimportanttoenforceintellectualpropertyrightsande,intellectualpropertyrightsp,wearealsointerestedinChinasreformanddevelopmentactivitiesinkeyareassuchasconservationofenergy,reductionofcarbonemissions,improvementofairquality,sustainablefoodwastemanagement,sexperiencesandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsThegovernments13thFive-YearPlanlaysdownthestrategyandpathwayforChina,urbanizationandsocialwelfare,environmentalprotectionandtalentdevelo,Chinahassetitsownambitiousdevelopmentgoals,governmentistakingconcertedactionstsnewgreenp,wefeelthatifanenterprisecanwininChina,,Chinaisoneofourmostimportantmarketsandmanyofourkeyproductsare,,,withitsnewterminal,,Ihavewitnessedthespeedofthenationstransformation,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinainthepast40yearsOneexamplethathasbeenextremelyimpressiveisChina,dams,,thelengthofChinashighwaysandhigh-speedrailmileagearerankedNo1intheworldandthenationalhigh-speedrailway,whichdidnotexist10yearsago,isnowmoreextensivethantheEuropeanUnionstransportationisindeedthespeedofChina!

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.ThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  VAexhibitionbookforFridaKahlo:MakingHerSelfUp[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]ShowingatLondonsVictoriaAlbertMuseum(VA)thissummeristhemonumentalexhibitionFridaKahlo:MakingHerSelfUp,whichwillpresentanextraordinarycollection,sinfluence,activistandmodelAdwoaAboahwillalsochairadiscussiononherexperienceoffemalerepresentationinmediaandtheimportanceofwomencreatingtheirownimage;Aboahisknownnotonlyforherindividualstylethathasgracedinnumerablemagazinecoversandcatwalks,butalsoforherpassionatesupportofwomen,()

  WorkerspullweedsattheYuanyingGuanruinsatYuanmingyuan,orOldSummerPalace,inpreparationforaprojecttopreservethestandingpillars.[PhotobyYuanYi/ForChinaDaily]Besidesfunctioningasanimperialresort,itwasalsoaplacewherefourQingemperors(Qianlong,Jiaqing,DaoguangandXianfeng)oftenhandledaffairsofstateuntil1860,whenitwaswreckedbyinvadingAnglo-FrenchexpeditionaryforcesduringtheSecondOpiumWar(1856-60)."YuanmingyuanisthezenithofChinesegardens,"saidLiuXiaodong,directorofplanningdepartmentoftheadministrativeoffice."XiyangLouisaperfectcombinationofEuropeanarchitectureandChineseskills-anexampleofculturalcommunicationbetweentheWestandChina."Overtime,rain,freezingandlooting(villagersoftentookmaterialsfromtheruinstobuildtheirownhousesduringthe20thcenturyssocialupheavals)havemadethefewstandingcolumnsunstable."ThebricksinthefoundationofYuanyingGuanhavedisappeared,exposingtheearth,"Liusaid."Thickvegetationisanotherthreat.",thestonecolumnsthemselves,nolongeradequatelysupported,,anengineeratTsinghuaUniversitysArchitecturalDesignandResearchInstitute,theoriginalfoundationwillberestored."Traditionalskillswillbeusedinrenovation,",forinstance,aremadeofearth,sand,stickyrice,rain,buttheprincipleofminimuminterventionwillbefollowedforallculturalrelics,,theplanningdirector,saidfurtherlaboratoryanalysisisneededtodecidewhethertotakeadditionalmeasurestorepairtheuprightcolumnsinthenextphaseofwork.Staffofa5Gtechnologycompanydemonstratelong-distanceassistedautonomousvehicledrivingtovisitorsattheBigDataExpoinGuiyang,Guizhouprovince,onMay26.[Photo/Xinhua]TheUniversityofBristolislookingforChinesepartnerstosetupjointprogramsforthefifth-generationofwirelessnetworkt,deanoftheFacultyofEngineeringattheuniversity,saidChinaisnowatthepinnacleinmanyareasof5G,activelyinvolvinginthe3rdGenerationPartnershipProjectprocess,todrivethe5Gresearchanddevelopment."WewouldliketorepeatsomeofourexperimentsfromBristolhereinChina,seekingtofindapartnercity,"Nixsaid."oredeveloped,moreappropriate,moreefficientservicesforthefuture."Accordingtohim,theuniversitywilllookateducationalandresearchcollaborations,nthenearfuture,asthesuperfastbroadbandinternetaccesstechn,higherreliabilityandlowerlatency(thatis,thegapbetweentransmissionandreception)canberealized,,hreeyears,andwideapplicationof5Gisconceivableinthenextfiveto10years."Themostimportantapplicationscenariosof5Gincludetransportationandhealthcare,"hesaid.",theacademicsneedtofullyopenupandbuildupthetrust."HughBrady,vice-chancellorandpresidentoftheUniversityofBristol,said,"AccordingtotheUNslatestreport,,withmanyofthoseinChina,andonlythroughstrongresearchcollaborationcanwemaketheurgentbreakthroughsweneed."Overthepastfiveyears,China,increasinglycrowdedenvironmentsandscarceresources."Effectivewirelesscommunicationswillbeessentialtodeliverthebestservicesforsocietyandbusinessinemergingsmartcities,"saidYiZhiling,chiefscionscompaniesincludingChinaMobileCommunicationsCorpandHuaweiTechnologiesCoLtdtojointlydevelopscalablesolu,theuniversityisdrivingreal-worldresearch-includingthecityofBristol-wide5Gtestbed-leadingtomajoradvancesans2018GlobalMobileAwards,Nixsaid.

  

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独家版权是推动音乐正版化良药
来源: 光明日报 作者:张丰艳 时间:2019-08-22 09:38
原标题:独家版权是推动音乐正版化良药

  国际唱片业协会(IFPI)日前发布的年度报告指出,2016年中国音乐产业再创新高,跻身世界12强。与此同时,音乐平台独家版权是否制约音乐传播,是应当捍卫的权利还是应该打破的壁垒,再次成为争论的焦点。独家版权与自由传播虽然表面上相互对立,但实则相互促进。不少论者指出,中国音乐市场被认为是全球机遇,原因之一就在于正版化的音乐环境。

  中国网络音乐自诞生之日起,就拥有相当程度的“自由”,没有平台为音乐版权付费,没有用户为音乐平台付费,导致中国网络音乐环境比较恶劣。虽然音乐消费看似无成本,但这种高度“自由”让整个音乐产业逐步陷入了恶性循环:内容公司缺乏投资原动力和文化创新力,网络平台难以保本纷纷转行或倒闭。

  之后,行业内部不得不做出调整。时至今日,腾讯音乐娱乐集团已与超过200家版权方达成战略合作,与超过30余家签订独家版权合作;阿里音乐、网易云音乐也纷纷采取行动签下了自己的独家版权。尽管从短期来看,独家版权抑制了音乐传播的速度与广度,下载多个APP也影响了用户的聆听体验,但从长远来看,一定阶段内的独家版权将成为繁荣产业的有效手段。

  独家版权有利于提高内容收益,推动作品创新。几年前,网络音乐发展与盛行在很大程度上破坏了产业精品生态环境,盗版的猖狂和市场的无序严重制约了内容公司的资金循环,十几年持续探底的产值走向令产业人才大幅流失,音乐精品出现断层。独家版权的合作方式成为唱片公司扭转发展颓势的福音,独家版权的授权收益成为各大内容公司的主要盈利来源,为公司投入内容创新、打造精品提供了必要的储备资金。近两年产业的飞速发展,证实了独家版权对中国音乐产业的适用和助力。近90%数字音乐营收占比让中国成为数字音乐大国,流媒体年度30.6%的增长成绩再次让中国成为世界瞩目的焦点和效仿的对象。

  中国音乐市场面临的许多问题也是世界音乐产业的共同挑战。现在,作为音乐产业第一大国,美国仍在探索建立“全国音乐大数据库平台”的解决方案;欧盟正在推进帮助音乐创作主体缩减价值差的法案请求。各国都希望在流媒体时代探索合理科学的酬劳机制,开启良性的生态循环。对中国而言,即便传播是音乐社会属性的终极目标,当下建立用户对音乐的尊重,培养用户的付费习惯,是我们需要解决的源头问题。

  用户是音乐产业循环的起点,是消费主体,也是音乐传播循环的终点,是审美主体。独家版权并不是目的,而是驱动音乐正版化、维护市场秩序的重要策略,是培养用户付费意识、建立付费习惯的有效手段。有了循环起点的用户付费和资金积累,才能有今后的优秀作品、优质服务、公平分配和良性传播,最终才能实现用户可持续发展的良性审美体验。

  (作者:张丰艳 系中国传媒大学音乐与录音艺术学院副教授)

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